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Hot Weather Safety

Extreme heat can be uncomfortable at best and fatal at worst. Electric fans can provide comfort relief from the heat. During hot weather, it is important to take preventive steps against heat-related illnesses.

The following tips can help you stay cool

  • Cool off by taking baths or showers or placing ice bags or wet towels on the body. Stay out of direct sunlight and avoid strenuous activity.
  • Wear loose-fitting and lightweight clothing - preferably light-colored.
  • Drink plenty of liquids such as water. To fight dehydration, avoid drinking alcoholic beverages.
  • Take the heat seriously, and do not ignore danger signs like nausea, dizziness and fatigue.
While heightened awareness is needed for the elderly, anyone may suffer from heat stress. Learn to recognize the symptoms:

  Symptoms First aid
Heat rash
Occurs when people are constantly exposed to hot, humid air, causing a rash. Heat rash not only causes discomfort, it also substantially reduces the body's ability to sweat. Cleanse the affected area thoroughly and dry completely. Calamine or other soothing lotions may help relieve the discomfort.
Heat cramps
Symptoms may include excessive sweating and muscle cramps in legs and possibly in the stomach.
Move to a cool location and/or apply gentle pressure to the muscles. Drink fluids (preferably water).
Heat exhaustion
Symptoms may include clammy or pale skin, sweating, rapid or shallow breathing and headaches.
Move to a cool area and drink plenty of fluids (preferably water).
Heat stroke Signs may include red or flushed face, dry and hot skin, no sweat and body temperature of 105 degrees Fahrenheit or greater. The victim also can become confused and lose consciousness.
Cool victim as quickly as possible and in stages. Pour cool water on the victim's clothes. Use cold applications to wrists, sides of neck, underarms and groin. An ice water bath may be necessary. Can be life-threatening; seek medical treatment immediately.
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